Efficiency Evaluation and Influencing Factors Analysis of Governmental Expenditure on Preschool Education
Bin Tu 1
Ying-Xian Lin 2
More details
Hide details
Guangdong Research Center for NPO, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou, CHINA
School of Politics and Public Administration, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou, CHINA
Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin, CHINA
Online publish date: 2018-04-18
Publish date: 2018-04-18
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(6):2533–2543
With the DEA-Tobit analysis method and based on the panel statistic of thirty-one provinces from 1998 to 2015 in China, this paper studies the efficiency upon local government expenditure of preschool education and its’ influence factors. First, the efficiencies on preschool education spending of local governments, including the overall technical efficiency, scale technical efficiency and pure technical efficiency, were evaluated by the data envelopment analysis approach (DEA). Based on the research result from the 1st step, Tobit model was used to investigate the connection of the efficiency measurement outcomes and preschool education policy variable fiscal decentralization, the connection of the efficiency measurement outcomes and social factors, such as density of population, GDP per capita and the public education degrees and so on. With the explanation of the measurement outcomes, it is noticed that the expenditure efficiency on local government preschool education has improved and have showed significant differences in CN. The influences of degree of urbanization, the density of population and education degree upon the efficiency of governmental preschool education spending and GDP per capita are positive. After the control of population, social and economic factors, the influence of fiscal decentralization upon the efficiencies on preschool education public spending is negative, the efficiencies on preschool education spending of local government has been greatly improved by preschool education policy in China.
Athanassopoulos, A. D. (2003). Strategic groups, frontier benchmarking and performance differences: evidence from the UK retail grocery industry. Journal of Management Studies, 40(4), 921-953.
Bennett, J., & Tayler, C. P. (2006). Starting Strong II: Early Childhood Education and Care. Paris: OECD.
Blankenau, W., & Youderian, X. (2015). Early childhood education expenditures and the intergenerational persistence of income. Review of Economic Dynamics, 18(2), 334-349.
Chen, S., & Zhang, J. (2009). Empirical research on fiscal expenditure efficiency of local governments in China. Social Sciences in China, 30(2), 21-34.
Cooper, W. W., Seiford, L. M., & Zhu, J. (2004). Data envelopment analysis. In Handbook on data envelopment analysis (pp. 1-39). Springer, Boston, MA.
Feng, X. X. (2015). Developing universal inclusive kindergarten is the fundamental solution to the difficulty of kindergarten crunch. Preschool Education Research, 5, 4-6.
Gao, X., & Zhang, B. (2017). An Overview of Early Childhood Science Education in China. In Chinese Science Education in the 21st Century: Policy, Practice, and Research (pp. 39-57). Springer, Dordrecht.
Grossman, G. M., & Helpman, E. (1993). Innovation and growth in the global economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT press.
Grossman, P. J., Mavros, P., & Wassmer, R. W. (1999). Public sector technical inefficiency in large US cities. Journal of Urban Economics, 46, 278-299.
Guo, Y. F. (2016). Inter-provincial comparison and analysis of preschool education funding efficiency, Preschool Education Development, 20, 27-33.
Han, W. H., & Miao, Y. G. (2010). Efficiency Accounting and Impact Factors of Local Government Health Spending Research. Journal of Finance and Economics, 5, 4- 15.
Hong, X., Liu, P., Ma, Q., & Luo, X. (2015). The way to early childhood education equity-policies to tackle the urban-rural disparities in China. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 9(1), 5.
Hu, B. Y. (2015). Comparing cultural differences in two quality measures in Chinese kindergartens: The early childhood environment rating scale-revised and the kindergarten quality rating system. Compare: a Journal of Comparative and International education, 45(1), 94-117.5.
Lin, W. L. (2005). Economy development degree under the bridle of urban and rural public goods providing. Rural Observations in China, 2, 31-37.
Milligan, K., Moretti, E., & Oreopoulos, P. (2004). Does Education Improve Citizenship? Evidence from the United States and the United Kingdom. Journal of public Economics, 88, 1667-1695.
Pan, Y., Wang, X., & Li, L. (2018). Early Childhood Education and Development in China. In International Handbook of Early Childhood Education (pp. 599-622). Springer, Dordrecht.
Qiao, B. Y., Fan, J. Y., & Feng, X. Y. (2005). Fiscal decentralization and primary obligation Education in China. Chinese Social Sciences, 6, 37- 46.
Tian, Z. L. (2011). Problems and Reform of Financial Investment in Preschool Education in China. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Social Science Edition), 5, 7-22.
Wang, S. J. (2012). Efficiency of Preschool Education for Financial Input and Government Responsibility. Education and Economy, 3, 5-7.
Wei, Q. (2001). Data envelopment analysis. Chinese Science Bulletin, 46(16), 1321-1332.
Wu, P. C. (2014). Preschool education investment in financial law security research. Anhui University, Anhui, China.
Xu, D. (2015). Research on the Efficiency of Preschool Education Supply in China. Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China.
Yue, A., Tang, B., Shi, Y., Tang, J., Shang, G., Medina, A., & Rozelle, S. (2018). Rural education across China’s 40 years of reform: past successes and future challenges. China Agricultural Economic Review, 10(1), 93-118.
Zhang, X. (2016). Preschool Education Reform of Fiscal Policy Effect Evaluation - Based on Local Government Preschool Education Cost Sharing Perspective, Education Development Research, 24, 29-36.
Zhao, H. (2013). Benefit Distribution of Public Expenditure in Pre-primary Education, Educational Development Studies, 15, 62-68.
Zhou, J., Sun, J., & Lee, D. P. L. (2017). Trends in Government Expenditure in Early Childhood Education in China: Practices in Shanghai, Guizhou, and Ningshan. In Early Childhood Education in Chinese Societies (pp. 71-84). Springer, Dordrecht.
Zhou, Y., Li, H., Hu, B. Y., & Li, L. (2017). On the road to universal early childhood education in China: A financial perspective. International Journal of Educational Development, 53, 137-144.