CC-BY 4.0

Factors and Levels Associated with Lecturers’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction in a Chinese University

He Haiyan 1  ,  
Zhao Yiyi 1,  
School of Education, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, CHINA
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2017;13(10):6415–6430
Online publish date: 2017-09-23
Publish date: 2017-09-23
Motivation and job satisfaction of employees have been an important research area in recent years. Based on a case study on two-new-established colleges in one university located in China Beijing town, this study aimed to correlate and investigate the levels and factors affecting lecturers’ motivation and job satisfactions in this university. The descriptive survey and co-relational methods were used. Seventy lecturers with 51.4 % male and 48.6 % female participated in the study. Data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means and Pearson’ Linear Correlation Coefficient. Means were interpreted as poor, fair, satisfactory and very satisfactory. The motivational level of lecturers was satisfactory (average mean = 2.707, Std=.8014) mostly affected by Incentives &promotions and salary. The level of job satisfaction was interpreted as satisfactory (average mean of 2.660, Std=.7804) mostly affected by financial reward. The correlation reported a significant relationship between lecturers’ motivation and job satisfaction (r = 0.615 with the sig-value of.000 lesser than .001). The continuity of lecturers’ motivation was recommended by taking into consideration all analyzed factors.
He Haiyan   
Beijing Institute of Technology, School of Educatio, No. 5 South Zhong Guan Cun Street, Haidian District, Beijing
1. Alam, M. T. (2011). Factors Affecting Teachers Motivation. International Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 2(1), 298–304.
2. Amabile, T. M. (1993). Motivational synergy: Toward new conceptualizations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in the workplace. Human Resource Management Review, 3(3), 185–201. https://doi.org/10.1016/1053-4822(93)90012-S.
3. Amin, A. E. (2005). Social science research, conception, methodology and analysis, Makerere university, printery, Kampala, Uganda.
4. Bakotić, D., & Fiskovića, C. (2013). Relationship between Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction: The Case of Croatian Shipbuilding Company. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(2), 206–213.
5. Baron, R. A. (1991). Motivation in Work Settings: Reflections on the Core of Organizational Research. Motivation and Emotion, 15(1), 1–8.
6. Beck, R. (1983). Motivation: Theories and principles (2nd edition). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
7. Broussard, S. H., & Garrison, B. M. E. (2004). The relationship between classroom motivation and academic achievement in elementary school aged children. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 33(2), 106-120.
8. Buitendach, J., & De Witte, H. (2005). Job insecurity, extrinsic & intrinsic job satisfaction and effective organizational commitment of maintenance workers in a parastatal. South African Journal of Business Management, 36(2), 27–37.
9. ChurchilL, G. A, Ford, N. M., & Walker, O. C. (1974). Measuring the Job Satisfaction of Industrial Salesmen. Journal of Marketing Research, 11, 254–260 salesmen.
10. Day, C., Elliot, B., & Kington, A. (2005). Reform, standards and teacher identity: Challenges of sustaining commitment. Teaching and Teacher Education, 21(5), 563–577.
11. Deci, E. L., Connell, J. P., & Ryan, R. M. (1989). Self-determination in a work organization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(4), 580–590.
12. Elliot, A. J., & Covington, M. V. (2001). Approach and Avoidance Motivation. Educational Psychology Review, 13(2), 73–92. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009009018235.
13. Garcia-Bernal, J., Gargallo-Castel, A., Marzo-Navarro, M., & Rivera-Torres, P. (2005). Job satisfaction: empirical evidence of gender differences. Women in Management Review, 20(4), 279-288.
14. Graham, G. H. (1982). Understanding human relations. The individual, organizations and management. Chicago Inc. USA: Science Research Associates.
15. Griffin, K. (2006). Striving for success: A qualitative exploration of competing theories of high-achieving black college students’ academic motivation. Journal of Higher Education, 47, 384–400.
16. Griffin, R. W. (2013). Management. Eleventh Ed. Texas A&M University, South Western, Cengage Learning.
17. Guay, F., Chanal, J., Ratelle, C. F., Marsh, H. W., Larose, S., & Boivin, M. (2010). Intrinsic, identified, and controlled types of motivation for school subjects in young elementary school children. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(4), 711–735.
18. Hill, B., & Power. D. (2013). The Pocket Small Business Owner’s Guide to Business Plans (Pocket Small Business Owner’s Guides) (1st edition). New York City: Allworth Press. Available at http://smallbusiness.chron.com/factors-affecting-employee-performance-978.html. Accessed on 28th July 2017.
19. Johnson, S. M. (1986). Incentives for Teachers: What Motivates, What Matters. Educational Administration Quarterly, 22(3), 54-79.
20. LaBelle, J. E. (2005). The paradox of safety hopes & rewards. Professional Safety, 50(12), 37-42.
21. Li, M., & Bray, M. (2007). Cross-border flows of students for higher education: Push–pull factors and motivations of mainland Chinese students in Hong Kong and Macau. Higher Education, 53, 791–818.
22. Liu, X. S. (2007). The effect of teacher influence at school on first-year teacher attrition: A multilevel analysis of the Schools and Staffing Survey for 1999–2000. Educational. Research and Evaluation, 13(1), 1–16. doi:10.1080/13803610600797615.
23. Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M.D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297 – 1349). Chicago: Rand McNally.
24. Lu, H. R. (2004). Zhimian daxue yingyu jiaoshi jiaoxuedongji (Facing English lecturers’ teaching motivation). Education and Occupation, 30, 60-61.
25. May, D. R., Gilson, R. L., & Harter, L. M. (2004). The psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety, and availability and the engagement of the human spirit at work. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77(1), 11–37.
26. McGregor, D. (1960). The human side of enterprise. New York, McGraw-Hill,.
27. Miech, R. A., & Elder, G. H. (1996). The service ethic and teaching. Sociology of Education, 69(3), 237–253.
28. Munyengabe, S., He, H., & Yiyi, Z. (2016). The Analysis of Factors and Levels Associated with Lecturers’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction in University of Rwanda. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(30), 188–200.
29. Munyengabe, S., Yiyi, Z., Haiyan, H. & Jiefei, S. (2017). Similarities and Differences in Factors and Levels Associated with Lecturers’ Motivation and Job Satisfaction. A Comparative Study between Rwanda and China. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 12(5), 945-964.
30. Mustapha, N. (2013). The influence of financial reward on job satisfaction among academic staffs at public universities in Kelantan, Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(3), 244–248.
31. Ololube, N. P. (2006). Teachers Job Satisfaction and Motivation for School Effectiveness: An Assessment. Essays in Education, 18, 1–19.
32. Osakwe, R. N. (2014). (2014). Factors affecting motivation and job satisfaction of academic staff of universities in south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria. International Education Studies, 7(7), 43-51.
33. Oshagbemi, T., (1999). Academics and their managers: A comparative study in job satisfaction. Personnel Review, 28(1/2), 108–123.
34. Pintrich, P., & Schunk, D. (1996). Motivation in Education: Theory, Research, and Applications. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
35. Poggi, A. (2010). Job satisfaction, working conditions and aspirations. Journal of Economic Psychology, 31(6), 936–949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2010.08.003.
36. Rawsthorne, L. J., & Elliot, A. J. (1999). Achievement goals and intrinsic motivation: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 326-344.
37. Saleem, R., Mahmood, A., & Mahmood, A. (2010). Effect of Work Motivation on Job Satisfaction in Mobile Telecommunication Service Organizations of Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Management, 5(11), 213-222.
38. Sansone, C. R., & Harackiewicz, J. M. (Eds.). (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
39. Sarwar, S., & Abugre, J. (2013). The influence of rewards and job satisfaction on employees in the service industry. The Business & Management Review, 3(2), 22–32.
40. Sempane, M. S., Rieger, H. S., & Roodt, G. (2002). Job satisfaction in relation to organisational culture. South African Journal of Industrial Psychology, 28(2), 23–30.
41. Seniwoliba, A. J. (2013). Teacher motivation and job satisfaction in senior high schools in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. Merit Research Journal of Education and Review, 1(9), 181-19.
42. Sheffler, J. L. (2009). Creating a warm and inclusive classroom environment: Planning for all children to feel welcome. Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education, 2(4), 4.
43. Shu, D. F. (2005). China needs foreign language teaching theories with Chinese characteristics. Foreign Language World, 6, 2-7.
44. Usop, A. M., Askandar, D. K., Langguyuan-Kadtong, M. (2013). Work performance and job satisfaction among teachers. Int. J. Humanit. Soc. Sci., 3, 245–252.
45. Vroom, V. H. (1964). Work and motivation. New York: John Wiley.