Identifying the Relationship of Food Addiction, Impulsiveness and Loneliness with Different Variables in University Students
More details
Hide details
Department of Psychology, Kingston University, London, UK
Department of Educational Sciences, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, CYPRUS
Online publication date: 2018-02-21
Publication date: 2018-02-21
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(5):1931–1944
The term food addiction is rapidly attracting interests of psychologists as the evidence of the similarities between substance and food dependency has been increasing. It is important to find out what is associated with food addiction as it may lead to serious health conditions that can threaten people’s lives. In this study, food addiction was examined to see if there is a significant relationship between impulsivity and loneliness. Total of 376 (216 male and 160 female) university students participated in Northern Cyprus. Turkish version of Yale Food Addiction Scale, Turkish version of UCLA Loneliness Scale and Turkish version of Barratt Impulsiveness Scale was used. It was found that there was a significant relationship between food addiction and impulsivity, as well as food addiction and loneliness.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Ayhan, A. B., & Simsek, S. (2012). Turkish adolescents’ loneliness. Psychological Reports, 110(2), 694-699.
Bakhshani, N. M. (2014). Impulsivity: a predisposition toward risky behaviors. Internal Journal of high risk behaviors and addiction, 3(2).
Barratt, E. S. (1994). Impulsiveness and aggression. In J. Monahan & H. J. Steadman (Eds.), Violence and mental disorder: Developments in risk assessment (pp. 61–79). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Burrows, T., Skinner, J., Joyner, M. A., Palmieri, J., Vaughan, K., & Gearhardt, A. N. (2017). Food addiction in children: associations with obesity, parental food addiction and feeding practices. Eating Behaviors, 26, 114-120.
Cacioppo, J. T., Cacioppo, S., Cole, S. W., Capitanio, J. P., Goossens, L., & Boomsma, D. I. (2015). Loneliness across phylogeny and a call for comparative studies and animal models. Perspective Psychology Science, 10(2), 202-212.
Chamorro, J., Bernardi, S., Potenza, M. N., Grant, J. E., Marsh, R., Wang, S. & Blanco, C. (2012). Impulsivity in the general population: a national study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46(3), 994-1001.
Corsica, J. A., & Pelchat, M. L. (2010). Food addiction: true or false? Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, 26, 165–169.
Dave, S., & Loxton, N. J. (2004). The role of impulsivity in the development of substance use and eating disorders. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 28, 343-351.
Davis, C., Zai. C., Levitan, R. D., Kaplan, A. S., Carter, J. C., Reid-Westoby, C., Curtis, C., Wight. K. & Kennedy, J. K. (2011). Opiates, overeating and obesity: a psychogenetic analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 35, 1347–1354.
Dogan, T., Cotok, N. A., & Tekin, E. G. (2011). Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale among bariatric surgery patients. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 2058-2062.
Furnham, A. (2015, May, 19). Impulsivity: Good or bad? What is the difference between functional and dysfunctional impulsivity? Retrieved from
Gulec, H., Tamam, L., Yazici, M., & Stanford, M. S. (2008). Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11. Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bülteni, 18(4).
Jacka, F. N., Kremer, P. J., Berk, M., Silva-Sanigorski, A. M., Moodie, M., Leslie, E. R., Pasco, J. A., & Swinburn, B. A. (2011). A prospective study of diet quality and mental health in adolescents. PLOS, 6(9).
Jaremka, L. M., Fagundes, C. P., Peng, J., Belury, M. A., Andridge, R. R., Malarkey, W. B., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (2015). Loneliness predicts postprandial ghrelin and hunger in women. Hormones and Behavior, 70, 57-63.
Kim, Y. T. (2014). Food addiction. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 49(1).
Levine, M. P. (2012). Loneliness and eating disorders. J Psychol, 146(1-2), 243-57.
Meule, A., & Gearhardt, A. N. (2014). Food addiction in the light of DSM-5. Nutrients, 6, 3653-3671.
Muele, A., Zwaan, M. & Muller, A. (2017). Attentional and motor impulsivity interactively predict ‘food addiction’ in obese individuals. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 72, 83-87.
Pattij, T., & De Vries, T. J. (2013). The role of impulsivity in relapse vulnerability. The role of impulsivity in relapse vulnerability, 23(2), 700-705.
Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the Barratt impulsiveness scale. J Clin Psychol. 51(6), 768–74.
Pedram, P., Wadden, D., Amini, P., Gulliver, W., & Randell, E. (2013). Food Addiction: Its Prevalence and Significant Association with Obesity in the General Population. PLoS ONE, 8(9), e74832.
Pivarunas, B., & Conner, B. T. (2015). Impulsivity and emotion dysregulation as predictors of food addiction. Eating Behaviours, 19, 9-14.
Rotenberg, K. J., Bharati, C., Davies, H., & Finch, T. (2017). Obesity and social withdrawal syndrome. Eating Behavior, 26, 167-170.
Sevincer, G. M., Konuk, N., Bozkurt, S., Saracli, O., & Coskun, H. (2015). Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale among bariatric surgery patients. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi, 16(2), 44-53.
Smith, D. G., & Robbins, T. W. (2013). The neurobiological underpinnings of obesity and binge eating: a rationale for adopting the food addiction model. Ciological Psychiatry, 73(9), 804-810.
Southward, M. W., Christensen, K. A., Fettich, K. C., Weissman, J., Berona, J. & Chen, E. Y. (2014). Loneliness mediates the relationship between emotion dysregulation and bulimia nervosa/binge eating disorder psychopathology in a clinical sample. Eat Weight Disord, 4, 509-513.
Şanlier, N., Türközü, D. & Toka, O. (2016). Body image, food addiction, depression, and body mass index in university students. Ecol Food Nutr, 55(6), 491-507.
Trifilieff, P. & Martinez, D. (2014). Imaging addiction: D2 receptors and dopamine signaling in the striatum as biomarkers for impulsivity. Neuropharmacology, 76, 498-509.
Vander-Broek-Stice, L., Stojek, M. K., Beach, S. R. H., vanDellen, M. R., & MacKillop, J. (2017). Multidimensional assessment of impulsivity in relation to obesity and food addiction. Appetite, 112, 59-68.
Velazquez-Sanchez, C., Ferragud, A., Moore, C. F., Everitt, B. J., Sabino, V., & Cottone, P. (2014). High trait impulsivity predicts food addiction-like behavior in the rat. Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(10), 2463-2472.
Victor, C. R., & Yang, K. (2012). The prevalence of loneliness among adults: a case study of the United Kingdom. The Journal of Psychology, 146(2), 85–104.
Winch, G. (2016, December, 14). Is There a Gene for Loneliness? How we perceive others and respond to them may be hereditary. Retrieved from
Wolz, I., Granero, R. & Fernandez-Aranda, F. (2017). A comprehensive model of food addiction in patients with binge-eating symptomatology: The essential role of negative urgency. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 74, 118-124.
Zeeck, A., Stelzer, N., Linster, H. W., Joos, A., & Hartmann, A. (2010). Emotion and eating in binge eating disorder and obesity. European Eating Disorders Review, 19(5), 426-437.