RESEARCH PAPER

The Influence of a Mathematics Problem-Solving Training System on First-Year Middle School Students

1 | Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development, National Taiwan Normal University, TAIWAN |

**CORRESPONDING AUTHOR**

Jyun-Chen Chen

Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development, National Taiwan Normal University, No.129, Sec. 1, Heping E. Rd., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 106, Taiwan, 106 Taipei, Taiwan

Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development, National Taiwan Normal University, No.129, Sec. 1, Heping E. Rd., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 106, Taiwan, 106 Taipei, Taiwan

Online publication date: 2017-10-27

Publication date: 2017-10-27

EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(1):77–93

KEYWORDS

TOPICS

K-12 EducationProblem or Project Based LearningE-LearningICT in EducationHuman Computer InteractionsMathematics Education

ABSTRACT

This study explored problem-solving in middle school, focusing on how students use tools to solve problems when working on mathematical tasks. The Problem-solving Assessment, Diagnosis, and Remedial Instruction (PSADRI) system was designed and developed as an individual teaching tool to support mathematics education, foster students’ ability to solve problems. A quasi-experimental design was conducted during five weeks. The 153 students who participated in this experiment were divided into an experimental group (86 students who used the PSADRI system) and a control group (67 students who received traditional instruction). The results revealed that the students who used the PSADRI system achieved greater learning performances in mathematics and improved problem-solving ability compared with the students who received traditional instruction. Using the question-guided training function in the system, the students in the experimental group used the drill-and-practice strategy to solve math problems step by step to achieve mastery in mathematics learning. Moreover, the students’ learning performance in the experimental group was enhanced and their problem-solving ability was improved. The major contributions of this study were the improvement in middle school students’ academic achievement in mathematics and problem-solving ability and enhanced interest in mathematics learning via the PSADRI system, an individual teaching system.

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