Research paper
CC-BY 4.0

The Influence of a Mathematics Problem-Solving Training System on First-Year Middle School Students

Chien-Yu Lin 1,  
Jyun-Chen Chen 1  ,  
Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development, National Taiwan Normal University, TAIWAN
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(1):77–93
Online publish date: 2017-10-27
Publish date: 2017-10-27
This study explored problem-solving in middle school, focusing on how students use tools to solve problems when working on mathematical tasks. The Problem-solving Assessment, Diagnosis, and Remedial Instruction (PSADRI) system was designed and developed as an individual teaching tool to support mathematics education, foster students’ ability to solve problems. A quasi-experimental design was conducted during five weeks. The 153 students who participated in this experiment were divided into an experimental group (86 students who used the PSADRI system) and a control group (67 students who received traditional instruction). The results revealed that the students who used the PSADRI system achieved greater learning performances in mathematics and improved problem-solving ability compared with the students who received traditional instruction. Using the question-guided training function in the system, the students in the experimental group used the drill-and-practice strategy to solve math problems step by step to achieve mastery in mathematics learning. Moreover, the students’ learning performance in the experimental group was enhanced and their problem-solving ability was improved. The major contributions of this study were the improvement in middle school students’ academic achievement in mathematics and problem-solving ability and enhanced interest in mathematics learning via the PSADRI system, an individual teaching system.
Jyun-Chen Chen   
Department of Technology Application and Human Resource Development, National Taiwan Normal University, No.129, Sec. 1, Heping E. Rd., Da’an Dist., Taipei City 106, Taiwan, 106 Taipei, Taiwan
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