Analysis of Land Use Change and Forestation in Response to Demographic Movement and Reduction of Forest Crime
More details
Hide details
Faculty of Forestry, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, TURKEY
Online publish date: 2017-11-02
Publish date: 2017-11-02
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(1):225–238
This article has been presented in ICES 2017 - International Conference on Environmental Sciences & Educational Studies. This article belongs to the special issue " Interdisciplinary Research on the Environmental Education, Educational Studies in Sustainability & Instructional Technologies and Designs.
The sustainable management of natural resources requires a thorough analysis of the land-use and forest cover dynamics and the effective factors in the changes occurring in them. This study investigated the roles played by social factors in the temporal changes in land cover and deforestation within the Torul State Forest Enterprise in northeastern Turkey. Between 2005 and 2016, this area was examined in terms of forest crime, demographic movement and forest dynamics using the Geographic Information System (GIS). Major changes were observed in the temporal dynamics of the forested areas and their parameters, with an overall net increase of 3.26%. There was a productive forest area increase of 16.459 ha. Regenerated-young stand areas had increased because of the regeneration activities carried out over the period. This was partially due to decreased forest crime, decreased rural population and increased gross national product (GNP), which had been below Turkey’s average.
1. Alphan, H. (2017). Analysis of landscape changes as an indicator for environmental monitoring. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189, 1-24. doi:10.1007/s10661-016-5748-7.
2. Alphan, H., & Nil, Ç. (2016). Monitoring changes in landscape pattern: Use of Ikonos and Quickbird images. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188, 81.doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-5089-y.
3. Angelsen, A. (2007). Forest cover change in space and time: Combining the von Thunen and forest transition theories (Report No. 4117). Washington: World Bank Group.
4. Anonymous. (2015). Forestry Statistics 2015. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Forestry and Water Management. Retrieved from https://www.ogm.gov.tr/ekutuph...}.
5. Anonymous. (2016a). Per Person Gross National Product. Retrieved from https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/ bolgeselistatistik/tabloYilSutunGetir.do?durum=yillariGetir&menuNo=517&altMenuGoster=0&tabloNo=336.
6. Anonymous. (2016b). Republic of Turkey, State Institute of Statistics. Retrieved from http://rapor.tuik.gov.tr/repor....
7. Başkent, E. Z., & Kadıoğulları, A.İ. (2007). Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use pattern in Turkey: A case study in İnegöl. Landscape Urban Plan, 81, 316-327. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.007.
8. Beilin, R., Lindborg, R., Stenseke, M., Pereira, H. M., Llausàs, A., Slätmo, E., & Queiroz C. (2014). Analysing how drivers of agricultural land abandonment affect biodiversity and cultural landscapes using case studies from Scandinavia, Iberia and Oceania. Land Use Policy, 36, 60–72. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.07.003.
9. Bewket, W. (2002). Land cover dynamics since the 1950s in Chemoga watershed, Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Mountain Research and Development, 22, 263–269. doi:10.1659/0276-4741(2002)022[0263:LCDSTI]2.0.CO;2.
10. Call, M., Mayer, T., Sellers, S., Ebanks, D., Bertalan, M., Nebie, E., & Gray C. (2017). Socio-environmental drivers of forest change in rural Uganda. Land Use Policy, 62, 49-58. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.12.012.
11. Calvas, B., Knoke, T., Castro, L. M., Hildebrandt, P., Weber, M., Stimm, B., & Aguirre, N. (2013). Sustainable agriculture and conservation payments are key factors in mitigating tropical forest loss. In: Bendix, J., E. Beck, A. Bräuning, F. Makeschin, R. Mosandl, S. Scheu, W. Wilcke (Eds.), Ecosystem services, biodiversity and environmental change in a tropical mountain ecosystem of South Ecuador (pp. 235-244). Berlin: Springer.
12. Dewan, A. M., Yamaguchi, Y., & Ziaur Rahman, M. (2012). Dynamics of land use/cover changes and the analysis of landscape fragmentation in Dhaka Metropolitan, Bangladesh. GeoJournal, 77, 315–330. doi:10.1007/s10708-010-9399-x.
13. GDF (General Directorate of Forestry of Turkey). (2005). Forest Management Plans of Torul State Forest Enterprise. Ankara: GDF.
14. GDF (General Directorate of Forestry of Turkey). (2015). State of Turkey’s Forest. Ankara: GDF.
15. GDF (General Directorate of Forestry of Turkey). (2016). Forest Management Plans of Torul State Forest Enterprise. Ankara: GDF.
16. Günlü, A., Kadıoğulları, A. İ., Keleş, S., & Başkent, E. Z. (2009). Spatiotemporal changes of landscape pattern in response to deforestation in northeastern Turkey: A case study in Rize. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 148, 127-137. doi:10.1007/s10661-007-0144-y.
17. Kadıoğulları, A. İ. (2013). Assessing implications of land use and land cover changes in forest ecosystems of NE Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 2095–2106. doi:10.1007/s10661-012-2691-0.
18. Kadıoğulları, A. İ., & Başkent, E. Z. (2008). Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use pattern in Turkey: A case study in Gümüşhane. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 138, 289-303. doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9798-8.
19. Kadıoğulları, A. İ., Keleş, S., Başkent, E. Z., & Günlü, A. (2008). Spatiotemporal Changes in Landscape Pattern in Response to Afforestation in Northeastern Turkey: A Case Study of Torul. Scottish Geographical Journal, 4, 259-273. doi:10.1080/14702540802566254.
20. Kadıoğulları, A. İ., Sayin, M., Çelik, D., Borucu, S., Çil, B., & Bulut, S. (2014). Analysing land cover changes for understanding of forest dynamics using temporal forest management plans. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186, 2089-2110. doi:10.1007/s10661-013-3520-9.
21. Lambin, E. F., & Meyfroidt, P. (2010). Land use transition: socioecological feedback versus socio-economic change. Land Use Policy, 27, 108-118. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2009.09.003.
22. Laurance W. F., Sayer, J., Cassman, K. G. (2014). Agricultural expansion and its impact on tropical nature. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29, 107-116. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2013.12.001.
23. Lopez-Carr, D., & Burgdorfer, J., (2013). Deforestation drivers: Population, migration and tropical land use. Evrironment Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 55, 3-11. doi:10.1080/00139157.2013.748385.
24. Meneses, B. M., Reis, E., Pereira, S., Vale, M. J., & Reis, R. (2017). Understanding Driving Forces and Implications Associated with the Land Use and Land Cover Changes in Portugal. Sustainability, 9, 1-20. doi:10.3390/su9030351.
25. Newman, M. E., McLaren, K. P., & Wilson, B. S. (2014). Long-term socio-economicand spatial pattern drivers of land cover change in Caribbean tropical moist forest, the Cockpit Country, Jamaica. Agriculturei Ecosystems and Environment, 186, 185-200. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2014.01.030.
26. Özen Turan, S., Kadıoğulları, A. İ., & Günlü, A. (2010). Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use pattern response to urbanization in Kastamonu. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 640-647. Retrieved from http://www.ajol.info/index.php....
27. Padilla, F. M., Vidal, B., Sanchez, J., & Pugnaire, F. I. (2010). Land-use changes and carbon sequestration through the twentieth century in a Mediterranean mountain ecosystem: Implications for land management. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 2688-2695. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.07.031.
28. Paudel, S., & Yuan, R. (2012). Assessing landscape changes and dynamics using patch analysis and GIS modeling. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 16, 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2011.12.003.
29. Puyravaud, J. P. (2003). Standardizing the calculation of the annual rate of deforestation. Forest Ecology and Management, 177, 593–596. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00335-3.
30. Sancar, C., Turan, S. Ö., & Kadioğullari, A. İ. (2009). Land use-cover change processes in Urban fringe areas: Trabzon case study, Turkey. Scientific Research and Essay, 4, 1454-1462.
31. Sears R. R., Padoch, C., & Pinedo-Vasquez, M. (2007). Amazon forestry transformed: Integrating knowledge for smallholder timber management in Eastren Brazil. Hum. Ecol., 35, 697-707. doi:10.1007/s10745-006-9109-y.
32. Şen, G., Bayramoglu, M. M., & Toksoy, D. (2015). Spatiotemporal changes of land use patterns in high mountain areas of Northeast Turkey: A case study in Maçka. Environ. Monit. Assess., 187, 515. doi:10.1007/s10661-015-4727-8.
33. Sloan, S. (2007). Fewer people may not mean more forest for Latin American forest frontiers. Biotropica, 39, 443-446. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00288.x.
34. Terzioğlu, S., Başkent, E. Z., & Kadıoğulları, A. İ. (2009). Monitoring Structural Plant Diversity at Landscape Level: A Case Study of Scots Pine Forest in NE Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 152, 71-81. doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0297-3.
35. Terzioğlu, S., Başkent, E.Z., Sivrikaya, F., Çakır, G., Kadıoğulları, A. İ., Başkaya, Ş., & Keleş, S. (2010). Monitoring forest plant biodiversity changes and developing conservation strategies: A study from Camili Biosphere Reserve Area in NE Turkey. Biologia, 65, 843-852. doi:10.2478/s11756-010-0091-x.
36. Toksoy, D., & Bayramoğlu, M. M. (2016). Forestry Education and The Law No. 5531: A Sample of Karadeniz Technical University Forest Faculty Department of Forest Engineer, Ten Years of The Law No. 5531 (pp. 59-81). Ankara: The Chamber of Forest Engineers.
37. Tritsch, I., & Le Tourneau, F. M., (2016). Population densities and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: New insights on the current human settlement patterns. Applied Geography, 76, 163-172. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.09.022.
38. Weinhold, D., Reis, E. J., & Vale, P. M. (2015). Boom-bust patterns in the Brazilian Amazon. Glob. Environ. Change, 35, 391-399. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.09.013.
39. Wyman, M. S., & Stein, T. V. (2010). Modeling social and land-use/land cover change data to assess drivers of smallholder deforestation in Belize. Appl. Geogr., 30, 329-342. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2009.10.001.