RESEARCH PAPER
Examining Factors that Influence on Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions in a Graduate Level Interdisciplinary Environmental Education Program: Using ePCK as a Framework
Young Joo Lee 1
,  
Hye-Eun Chu 2
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Seoul National University, Seoul, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
2
Macquarie University, Sydney, AUSTRALIA
Publish date: 2018-06-12
 
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(10):em1574
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
This study describes the development and implementation of the Elementary School Teachers’ ePCK (EST:ePCK) questionnaire to measure teachers’ awareness about generalized PCK in the context of environmental education (EE). We compared responses of teachers who completed a graduate degree program designed to improve teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for EE with those who did not attend the program. This allowed us to consider the potential impact of such a program on teachers’ ePCK. Additionally, we examined what factors could contribute to differences in teachers’ awareness about ePCK beyond their participation in a professional development program. Findings show that teacher education programs can have a positive influence on teachers’ awareness about their own ePCK. However, in order to transform teachers’ classroom practices, programs need to offer more instruction about how to actually implement EE topics using integrative approaches and in real classroom contexts. Findings also suggest the need for additional research focused on understanding the kinds of PCK teachers need to be able to integrate instruction across several content areas and makes clear the need for programs to make explicit to teachers when program goals seek to develop different kinds of PCK.
 
REFERENCES (64):
1. Abdullaha, S. I. S. S., & Halima, L. (2010). Development of instrument measuring the level of teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) in environmental education. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9, 174-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbsp....
2. Abdullaha, S. I. S. S., & Halima, L. (2012). Influence of teaching option and teaching experience on science teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge of environmental education. Journal of Korea Society of Science Education, 32(8), 1378-1389. https://doi.org/10.14697/jkase....
3. Abell, S. (2008). Twenty years later: does pedagogical content knowledge remain a useful idea? International Journal of Science Education, 30, 1405-1416. https://doi.org/10.1080/095006....
4. Ahn, J., Choi, D., & Cho, S. (2013). A study on the identity of environmental education as a subject. Environment Education, 26(3), 358-380.
5. Ardoin, N. M., Bowers, A. W., Roth, N. W., & Holthuis, N. (2018). Environmental education and K-12 student outcomes: A review and analysis of research. The Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/009589....
6. Birdsall, S. (2015). Analyzing teachers’ translation of sustainability using a PCK framework. Environmental Education Research, 21(5), 753-776. https://doi.org/10.1080/135046....
7. Cho, S. & Choi, D. (2009). A study on the Pedagogical Content Knowledge in pre-service environment teachers. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 22(3), 125-135.
8. Cho, S. (2010). The study on pedagogical content knowledge of environmental teachers: from environment teachers’ perspective (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Korea National University of Education, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea.
9. Choi, D., & Lee, M. (2005). A study on developing and implementing in-service teacher training system to improve environmental literacy. Korean Journal of Teacher Education, 21(3), 255-276.
10. Choi, D., Jin, O., Lee, H., Son, Y., Lee, S., & Cho, S. (2007). A Developmental Study on Teacher Professional Model and Standards of Assessing Students for Sustainable Environmental Education. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 20(1), 1-18.
11. Choi, D., Lee, M., & Youn, S. (2006). Implementation and evaluation of in-service teacher training program for teaching-learning in environmental education. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 19(3), 183-199.
12. Choi, S., Choi, K., Kim, Y., & Kim, I. (2014). 환경교육론 (Pedagogy for environmental education). 서울: 교육과학사.
13. Choi, W. (2000). Training system of environment education teacher: Problem and prospect. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 13(1), 14-22.
14. Chu, H.-E., & Son, Y.-A. (2014). The development of environmental education policy and programs in Korea: Promoting sustainable development in school environmental education. In J.C.K. Lee and R. Efird (Eds) Schooling for Sustainable Development across the Pacific: Schooling for Sustainable Development series (Vol 5.) (pp. 141-157). Springer: The Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94....
15. Chu, H.-E., & Treagust, D. (2009). Korean students’ environmental literacy and the environmental education program. In Neil Taylor, Michael Littledyke, Chris Eames, and Richard Coll (Eds), Environmental Education in Context, (pp. 299-306). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.
16. Chu, H.-E., Lee, E. A., Ko, H. R., Shin, D. H., Lee, M. N., Min, B. M., et al. (2007). Korean year 3 children’s environmental literacy: A prerequisite for a Korean environmental education curriculum. International Journal of Science Education, 29(2), 731–746. https://doi.org/10.1080/095006....
17. Chu, H-E., Shin, D.H., & Lee, M. N. (2006). Korean students’ environmental literacy and variables affecting environmental literacy. In S. Wooltorton & D. Marinova (Eds), Sharing wisdom for our future environmental education in action (pp. 306–315). Australian Association for Environmental Education Conference Proceedings. Promaco Conventions, Canning Bridge, W.A, Australia.
18. Cochran-Smith, M. (2001). Constructing outcomes in teacher education: Policy, practice and pitfalls. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 9(11). https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.....
19. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for behavioral science (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers.
20. Darling-Hammond, L. (2006). Assessing Teacher Education: The Usefulness of Multiple Measures for Assessing Program Outcomes. Journal of Teacher Education, 57(2), 120-138. https://doi.org/10.1177/002248....
21. Engleson, D. C., & Yochers, D. H. (1994). A Guide to Curriculum Planning in Environmental Education. Wisconsin DPI. Retrieved on August 2017 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/full....
22. Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF0319....
23. GIEE. (2016). Interdisciplinary Program of Environmental Education at the College of Education. Retrieved on January 2016 from https://enviroed.snu.ac.kr:845....
24. Grossman, P. L. (1989). Learning to teach without teacher education. Teachers College Record, 91, 191-208.
25. Hampel, B., Boldero, J., & Holdsworth, R. (1996). Gender patterns in environmental consciousness among adolescents. Journal of Sociology, 32, 58-71. https://doi.org/10.1177/144078....
26. Hungerford, R. H., & Volk, L. T. (1990). Changing learner behavior through environmental education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 21(3), 8-21.
27. Kamtet, W., Ngamman, J., Liewkongsthaporn, W., Pativisan, S., & Dechsri, P. (2010). Assessing subject matter knowledge of science teachers. Retrieved from http://www.iaea2010.com/fullpa....
28. Kimpston, R. D. (1985). Curriculum Fidelity and the Implementation Tasks Employed by Teachers: A Research Study. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 17(2), 185-195.
29. Kind, V. (2009) Pedagogical content knowledge in science education: perspectives and potential for progress. Studies in Science Education, 45(2), 169-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/030572....
30. Koh, J., Kang, W., Koh, J., Kwon, D., Kim, E., Pack, K., Park S., Park, Y., Seo, M., Lee, J., & Jeong, H. (2007). 초등학교 교사론 (Elementary school teachers). Seoul: Republic of Korea.
31. Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation. [KICE] (2007). 교육과정 개정에 따른 과학과 내용교수지식 (PCK) 연구 (The research on Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) in science teaching). Seoul: Korea.
32. Korea Society for Environmental Education [KOSEE]. (2014). 국가 수준 환경교육 기준 개발 연구 (A study on the development of national environmental education standards). Ministry of Environment. Seoul: Republic of Korea.
33. Kwak, Y. (2011). 교사의 전문성 개발을 위한 교사 학습연구년제의 운영 방안 (Exploring teacher research sabbatical plan for professional development of teacher). Institute for Education Research in Korea National University of Education. Seoul: Korea. Retrieved from http://cer.knue.ac.kr/bbs/outB....
34. Kwon, H. & Yun, S. (2010). A Qualitative Case Study on the Barriers Faced by Teachers in Choosing Environmental Education as the Creative Discretionary Activity in Elementary Schools. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 23(1), 50-63.
35. Kwon, N., Chu, K., & Park, S. (2006). An Exploration of Determinant Factors for Teachers’ Curriculum Implementation Level. Korean Society for Curriculum Studies, 24(3), 87-106.
36. Lee, E. A., Shin, D-H, Chu, H-E., & Ko, H-R. (2004). The study of high school students’ environmental literacy. Journal of Korean Earth Science Society, 25(3), 185-193.
37. Lee, S., & Choi, D. (2007). A study on the components of teacher in-service training program to improve the professionalism in the elementary environmental education. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 20(2), 54-66.
38. Loughran, J. J., Mulhall, P., & Berry, A. (2004). In search of pedagogical content knowledge in science: Developing ways of articulating and documenting professional practice. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 41, 370–391. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20....
39. Loughran, J. J., Mulhall, P., & Berry, A. (2008). Exploring Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Science Teacher Education. International Journal of Science Education, 30(10), 1301-1320. https://doi.org/10.1080/095006....
40. Magnusson, S., Krajcik, J., & Borko, I. (1999). Nature, sources and development of pedagogical content knowledge for science. In J. Gess-Newsome. & N. G. Lederman. (Eds.), Examining pedagogical content knowledge (pp. 95-132). Boston: Kluwer Academic Publisher. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-....
41. Marcinkowski, T. J., Volk, T. L., Hungerford, H. R., & Kronholm, M. (1990). An environmental education approach to the training of middle level teachers: a prototype programme. In Environmental Education Series 30. UNESCO-UNEP International Environmental Education Programme. Retrieved on January 2016 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/full....
42. McComas, W. F., & Wang, H. A. (1998). Blended science: The rewards and challenges of integrating the science disciplines for instruction. School Science and Mathematics, 98(6), 340–348. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1949....
43. Messick, S. (1995). Validity of psychological assessment: Validation of inferences from persons’ responses and performances as scientific inquiry into score meaning. American Psychologist, 50(9), 741-749.
44. Ministry of Environment [MOE]. (2007). 초등교사 환경교육연수 교육과정 개발 연구 (Developing curriculum for in-service elementary teacher training program in EE). Seoul: Republic of Korea.
45. Ministry of Environment. (2010). 환경교육종합계획 ‘11-’15 (Environmental education master plan ‘11-’15). Seoul: Republic of Korea.
46. Nam, S. (1995). Environmental education in primary and secondary schools in Korea: current developments and future agendas, Environmental Education Research, 1(1), 109-122. https://doi.org/10.1080/135046....
47. Nam, S., Choi, D., Kim, K., & Ha, G. (2001). 초등환경교과교육학 교재개발 연구 (A study on development of environmental education materials in elementary school). Research Center for Subject Matter Education in Korea National University of Education. Seoul: Republic of Korea.
48. North American Association for Environmental Education [NAAEE]. (2010). Guidelines for the Preparation and Professional Development of Environmental Educators. Retrieved from http://resources.spaces3.com/5....
49. Nunally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd Ed). New York: McGraw Hill.
50. OECD. (2014). TALIS 2013 Results: An International Perspective on Teaching and Learning, OECD Publishing. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1787/978926....
51. Park, S. (2003a). Pedagogical content knowledge and predictor variables in science teaching of practicing elementary teachers. Journal of the Korean Association for Science Education, 23(6), 671-683.
52. Park, S. (2003b). The Development of PCK (Pedagogical Content Knowledge) Instrument in Science Teaching for Elementary School Teachers. The Journal of Korean Teacher Education, 20(1), 105-134.
53. Park, S. (2014). A study on the research trends of in-service teacher education in Korea: Implications and tasks. The Journal of Korean Teacher Education, 31(2), 227-254.
54. Powers, A. L. (2004). Teacher preparation for environmental education: Faculty perspectives on the infusion of environmental education into preservice methods courses. The Journal of Environmental Education, 35(3), 3-11.
55. Shulman, L. S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: Foundations of the new reform. Harvard Education Review, 57(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.....
56. Shumba, O., & Kampamba, R. (2012/2013). Mainstreaming ESD into science teacher education courses: A case for ESD pedagogical content knowledge and learning as connection. Southern African Journal of Environmental Education, 29, 151-166.
57. Son, Y., Kim, K., Min, B., & Choi, D. (2005). Elementary teachers’ professionalism for teaching environment subjects. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Education, 24(2), 174-182.
58. Stevenson, R. B., Wals, A. E. J., Dillon, J., & Brody, M. (2013). Introduction: An orientation to environmental education and the handbook. In R.B. Stevenson, A.E.J. Wals, J. Dillon, and M. Brody (Eds.), International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education (pp. 1-6). American Education Research Association.
59. Summers, M., Childs, A., & Corney, G. (2005). Education for sustainable development in initial teacher training: issues for interdisciplinary collaboration. Environmental Education Research, 11(5), 623-647.
60. UNESCO. (2005). United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development 2005-2014. Draft International Implementation Scheme. January 2005. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/imag....
61. UNESCO-UNEP. (1990). An environmental education approach to the training of middle level teachers: a prototype programme. In Environmental Education Series 30. UNESCO-UNEP International Environmental Education Programme.
62. Westbury, I., Hansén, S., Pertti Kansanen, P., & Björkvist, O. (2005) Teacher Education for Research‐based Practice in Expanded Roles: Finland’s experience. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 49(5), 475-485.
63. Zainal, T. Z. T., Mustapha, R., & Habib, A. R. (2009). Pedagogical content knowledge for the title division among primary school mathematics teachers. Journal Pendidikan Malaysia, 34(1), 131-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.17576/JPE....
64. Zhou, G. (2015). Environmental pedagogical content knowledge: A conceptual framework for teacher knowledge and development. In S. K. Stratton et al. (Eds.), Educating Science Teachers for Sustainability, ASTE Series in Science Education (pp. 185-203). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-....
eISSN:1305-8223
ISSN:1305-8215