0.903
IF
1.06
CiteScore
0.510
SJR
1.062
SNIP
Research paper
 
CC-BY 4.0
 
 

Problem-Based Learning and Conceptual Understanding of College Female Students in Physics

Aweke Shishigu 1  ,  
Ayele Hailu 2,  
 
1
Wachemo University, ETHIOPIA
2
Wolkite University, ETHIOPIA
3
Bonga College of Teacher Education, ETHIOPIA
EURASIA J. Math., Sci Tech. Ed 2018;14(1):145–154
Online publish date: 2017-09-27
Publish date: 2017-11-01
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
In this changing world, peoples are often challenged with problems that require the use of scientific information so that they are able to make informed decisions. However, the study of physics is entangled with many problems including the belief that it is a male domain and the way it is presented to students. The purpose of this study therefore, was to explore the role of Problem Based Learning (PBL) by applying five step problem solving strategy in enhancing conceptual understanding of female students. The study was conducted in Bonga College of teacher education, Ethiopia. To achieve the goal of the study, pedagogical experiment was applied. Data were collected using conceptual understanding inventory test and questionnaire. There was a mean difference between comparison and experimental groups. The difference was statistically significant with large effect size. Students in the experimental group shows good motivation towards the strategy. Based on the findings, it was suggested to apply the five step problem solving strategy at college and tertiary level. Because, this strategy was helpful for students to scrutinize the connection between theory and practice, improves their motivation to learn, and eradicates rote memorization. It also helps to understand concepts and principles central to physics.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Aweke Shishigu   
Science and mathematics edcuation, Wachemo University, Addis Ababa, 1176 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
 
REFERENCES (43):
1. Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (2003). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods (4th Edition). New York: Pearson.
2. Brown, M., & Heywood, J. S. (2005). Performance Appraisal Systems: Determinants and Change. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 43(4), 659–679. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8543.2005.00478.x.
3. Cochran-Smith, M., Feiman-Nemser, S., & McIntyre, D. J. (2008). Handbook of Research on Teacher Education: Enduring Questions in Changing Contexts. Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016: Association of Teacher Educators.
4. Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6 ed.): Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
5. Cohen., J. (1988). Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Scieces (2 ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence erlbaum associates.
6. Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: quantitative, qualitative and mixed research (4 ed.): SAGE publication Inc.
7. Dewey, J. (1910). How we think. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co.
8. Diefes-Dux, H. A., Moore, T., Zawojewski, J., Imbrie, P. K., & Follman, D. (2004). A framework for posing open-ended engineering problems: Model-eliciting activities. Paper presented at the 34th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Savannah, GA.
9. Docktor, J. L. (2009). Development and Validation of a Physics Problem-Solving Assessment Rubric. (Dissertation), University of Minnesota. Retrieved from https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/56637/Docktor_umn_0130E_10741.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.
10. Docktor, J. L., & Heller, K. (2009). Robust Assessment Instrument for Student Problem Solving. Paper presented at the 82nd NARST Annual International Conference, Garden Grove, California.
11. Ehrlich, R. (2002). How do we know if we are doing a good job in physics teaching? American Journal of Physics, 70. doi:10.1119/1.1424267.
12. Foster, T. M. (2000). The Development of Students’ Problem-Solving Skill from Instruction Emphasizing Qualitative Problem-Solving. University of Minnesota.
13. Ganyaupfu, E. M. (2013). Teaching Methods and Students’ Academic Performance International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2(9), 29-35.
14. Gijbels, D., Dochy, F., Bossche, P. V. d., & Segers, M. (2005). Effects of Problem-Based Learning: A Meta-Analysis from the Angle of Assessment. Review of Educational Research, 75(1), 27-61.
15. Gök, T., & Sılay, I. (2010). The Effects of Problem Solving Strategies on Students’ Achievement, Attitude and Motivation Lat. Am. J. Phys. Educ., 4(1).
16. Hasheesh, M. A., Al-Mostaf, O., & Obeidat, H. (2011). Traditional Versus Nontraditional Methods of Teaching: the Impact on Nursing Teaching Effectiveness and Student’s Achievements at Nursing Colleges An - Najah Univ. J. Res. (Humanities), 25(1).
17. Heller, P., Keith, R., & Anderson, S. (1992). Teaching problem solving through problem solving part1: group vs individual problem solving. American Journal of Physics, 60(7).
18. Hsu, L., Brewe, E., Foster, T. M., & Harper, K. A. (2004). Resource Letter RPS-1: Research in problem solving. American Journal of Physics, 72(9). doi:10.1119/1.1763175.
19. IOP. (2013). The Importance of Physics to Economic Growth. In I. I. o. physics (Ed.). UK: IOP Institute of physics.
20. IUPAP. (1999). Statement on the Importance of Physics to Society. Retrieved from Atlanta, Georgia, USA: http://iupap.org/general-assembly/23rd-general-assembly/.
21. Kaptan, F., & Korkmaz, H. (2002). The effects of cooperative problem solving approach on creativity in science course. Journal of Qafqaz, 9, 143-150.
22. Lawrenz, F., Wood, N. B., Kirchhoff, A., Kim, N. K., & Eisenkraft, A. (2009). Variables Affecting Physics Achievement. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TEACHING, 46(9), 961–976. doi:10.1002/tea.20292.
23. Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C., & Morgan, G. A. (2005). SPSS for Intermediate Statistics: Use and Interpretation (2 ed.). Mahwah, New Jersey London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
24. Lesh, R., & Doerr, H. M. (2003). Beyond Constructivism Models and Modeling Perspectives on Mathematics Problem Solving, Learning, and Teaching. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
25. Mestre, J. P. (2002). Probing adults’ conceptual understanding and transfer of learning via problem posing. Applied Developmental Psychology, 23, 9-50. doi:10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00101-0.
26. Nigussie, Z. (2014). Factors Affecting the Academic Achievement of Grade 10 Students’ in Selected Secondary Schools at North Shoa Zone of Oromia Regional State (Masters Thesis), Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa. Retrieved from http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/7497.
27. O’Kuma, T. L., Maloney, D. P., & Hieggelke, C. J. (2000). Ranking task exercises in physics. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
28. Ormrod, J. E. (2012). Human learning (6 ed.). United States of America: Pearson Education, Inc.
29. Osborne, J. (2003). Attitudes towards science: a review of the literature and its implications. International Journal of Science Education, 25(9), 1049–1079. doi:10.1080/0950069032000032199.
30. Piaget, J. (1954). The Construction of Reality in in the Child. New York: Routledge.
31. Polya, G. (1957). How to solve it: A new aspect of mathematical method (2 ed.). New Jersey: Princeton university press.
32. Polya, G. (1962). Mathematical Discovery on understanding, learning, and teaching problem solving. New York John Wiley & Sons.
33. Quilli, K., & Thomas, S. (2015). Drawing-to-Learn: A Framework for Using Drawings to Promote Model-Based Reasoning in Biology. CBE–Life Sciences Education, 14, 1-16. doi:10.1187/cbe.14-08-0128.
34. Reif, P. (1995). Understanding and Teaching Important Scientific Thought Processes. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 4(4). doi:10.1007/BF02211259.
35. Rojas, S. (2010). On the teaching and learning of physics problem solving. Rev. Mex. Fis., 56(1), 22-28.
36. Selçuk, G. S. (2010). The effects of problem-based learning on pre-service teachers’ achievement, approaches and attitudes towards learning physics International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5(6), 711-723.
37. Semela, T. (2010). Who is joining physics and why? Factors influencing the choice of physics among Ethiopian university students International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 5(3), 319-340.
38. Shishigu, A., Bashu, B., Tesfaw, B., & Gadisa, S. (2017). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Instruction on Students’ Motivation and Problem Solving Skills of Physics EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 13(3), 857-871. doi:10.12973/eurasia.2017.00647a.
39. Stevens, J. P. (2009). Applied Multivariate Statistics for the Social Sciences (5 ed.). United States of America: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
40. Tan, O.-S. (2003). Problem-Based Learning Innovation: Using Problems to Power Learning in the 21st Century: Cengage Learning.
41. TGE. (1994). Transitional Government of Ethiopia: Education and Training policy. Ethiopia: St. George Printing Press.
42. Wotengo, T. (2014). Assessment of Factors Influencing Academic Achievement of Female Students: The Case of Holeta Secondary School. (Masters Thesis), Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa. Retrieved from http://etd.aau.edu.et/bitstream/123456789/7195/1/2.%20Tesfaye%20Wotengo.pdf.
43. Yasin, R. M., Halim, L., & Ishar, A. (2012). Effects of Problem-solving Strategies in the Teaching and Learning of Engineering Drawing Subject Asian Social Science, 8(16). doi:10.5539/ass.v8n16p65.
eISSN:1305-8223
ISSN:1305-8215