There are changes in the education system in Georgia. The National Educational Reform has started several years ago. The present study evaluates Georgian science teachers' and science student teachers' beliefs about teaching and learning. To draw a broad view about their beliefs, qualitative and quantitative instruments have been used. Generally, the assumption is that both groups mainly hold traditional beliefs about teaching and learning. However, the study reveals that differences between teachers and student teachers are noticeable. While student teachers are strong traditional in their beliefs, science teachers show tendencies toward modern beliefs. The results are discussed and the recommendation for the further development of science teacher education in Georgia is given.