Fairness Principle in Accreditation of Health Specialists: The Differential Item Functioning Method
Zhanna M. Sizova 1, Tatyana V. Semenova 2 * , Natalia N. Naydenova 3, Victoria V. Narbut 4, Marina B. Chelyshkova 1, Alfiya R. Masalimova 5
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1 I.M. Sechenov First Moscow Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, RUSSIA2 Ministry of Health, Moscow, RUSSIA3 Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, RUSSIA4 Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, RUSSIA5 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, RUSSIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

The main purpose of this article is to present a Differential Item Functioning method of item analysis. It is designed to minimize the discriminatory effect of individual items in the accreditation of graduates of medical universities with different training programs. The one-parameter Item Response Theory model is used to align graduates’ rights in accreditation. The measure of the difference in the location of the item characteristic curves constructed for different graduates’ samples is presented using the difficulty estimates. For the development of the methodology, a number of research questions are posed, the solution of which made it possible to analyze the items bias for the “Polyclinic” discipline and the range of item difficulties from 1.5 to 2, 5 logits. The item bank was cleaned and an interpretation of decisions on items release and correction for the cases of different arrangement of their characteristic curves was presented.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2019, Volume 15, Issue 9, Article No: em1749

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/108485

Publication date: 12 Apr 2019

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Article Downloads: 676

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