Contemporary mathematics teaching is mostly reduced to the application of algebraic formulas and algebraic procedures. The visual-logical approach in solving mathematical tasks is very little represented in teaching mathematics. Such practice should be changed since visualization is of great importance in the process of learning and understanding mathematics as well as in solving mathematical tasks. This paper suggests the possibility of developing students’ ability to perceive lawfulness among numbers by introducing figurative numbers in mathematics teaching. Considering the visual presentation of figurate numbers and obvious rules among their members, students find them interesting and easy for understanding. They can also be a very good paradigms for many tasks with numerous arrays. The research carried out in this paper has shown that figurative numbers contribute to a visual-logical approach in solving tasks with numerous arrays and provide long-term storage of numerous data.