Improving students’ motivation in calculus courses at institutions of higher education: Evidence from graph-based visualization of two models
Mohamad Mustafa Hammoudi 1 * , Sofiane Grira 1
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1 Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, UAE* Corresponding Author


This research aims at improving students’ motivation for success in calculus courses at higher education institutions by developing two models. The first model is developed to promote students’ intrinsic motivation. The second model is integrated with the first model to improve students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. A mixed research methodology is used, which includes 153 students in calculus courses at three universities in the United Arab Emirates. The qualitative results of 15 interviews are divided into three themes including students’ motivation for success in calculus, their mathematics self-concept, and other supporting elements. The regression analysis shows that 72.5% of the variation in students’ intrinsic motivation for success in calculus is explained by five variables in model I and 98.5% of the variation in their intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is explained by three variables in model II. The findings of this study can be utilized by higher education institutions that offer calculus courses.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2023, Volume 19, Issue 1, Article No: em2209

Publication date: 01 Jan 2023

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