Education poverty alleviation is an endogenous mechanism to explore poverty alleviation in contiguous poverty-stricken areas, which is an important support for the implementation of precision poverty alleviation strategy, and it is the key path to change “blood transfusion poverty alleviation” as “hematopoietic poverty alleviation”. It is of great significance to solve employment, stimulate economic growth and promote the income of poor households. Lvliang mountain area is the famous old revolutionary base in China, and it is one of the fourteen contiguous poverty-stricken areas that the country focus on poverty alleviation during the 13th five-year plan, accounting for one-third of the total number of poor people in Shanxi. To promote education and knowledge poverty alleviation and get out of poverty, it not only need to make full use of the power of culture and the means of knowledge to implement the knowledge poverty alleviation project, achieving the goal of “taking the lead in poverty alleviation and taking the lead to get rich”. And it also need to work closely with governments at all levels and the people in the poverty-stricken areas to combine the top-level design and concrete measures.