The urgency of this research is determined by the need to study the readiness of school community in preschool educational establishments of Russia to apply distance learning technologies. The purpose of the research is to study motivation and value-based, cognitive, operational (operational-activity), emotional-volitional, and information components of the readiness of preschool teachers and parents of preschool children to implement distance learning technologies in a major city and in rural areas. A sociological method has been chosen for this study, specifically, a questionnaire survey method. The diagnostic findings of preschool teachers’ readiness to implement distance learning technologies have been analyzed; the awareness level of preschool children’ parents of the content and means of implementing distance learning technologies and their readiness to embrace this type of educational technology have been studied. The results and conclusions obtained during the research can be useful for head masters of preschool educational establishments, as well as for regional and municipal educational authorities implementing distance learning technologies and e-learning.