Unlocking the secrets of students’ mathematical literacy to solve mathematical problems: A systematic literature review
Lukman Hakim Muhaimin 1 2 * , Rizqi Amaliyakh Sholikhakh 1 3 , Sri Yulianti 1 4 , Ardani 5 , Agus Hendriyanto 1 2 , Sani Sahara 1 2
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1 Department of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, INDONESIA2 Indonesian DDR Development Center (PUSBANGDDRINDO), PUI-PT Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, INDONESIA3 Department of Mathematics Education, Universitas Pancasakti Tegal, Tegal, INDONESIA4 Universitas Islam Ogan Komering Ilir Kayuagung, Kayuagung, INDONESIA5 Department of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA* Corresponding Author


Mathematical literacy is the ability to use mathematical knowledge in real-life situations, making it an essential component of education because of its importance in solving everyday problems. Mathematical literacy is also part of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) global assessment. Because of the importance of the subject, this Systematic Literature Review (SLR) investigated the relationship between students’ mathematical literacy and their ability to solve mathematical problems. This SLR uses the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) approach was used, and articles published from January 2013 to August 2023 were obtained from databases including ERIC (342), ProQuest (1,329), and Scopus (27). Following PRISMA, a total of 20 articles were included in the review. Of the 20 articles, most were conducted on junior high school students in Turkey. The majority of reviewed studies found students to have a low level of mathematical literacy, which caused difficulties in formulating problems. The examined studies also revealed several internal and external factors affecting mathematical literacy. Problems used by PISA were the most frequently employed to measure students’ mathematical literacy in the reviewed studies.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2024, Volume 20, Issue 4, Article No: em2428


Publication date: 01 Apr 2024

Online publication date: 25 Mar 2024

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