In postmodern education philosophy, the areas of interest of students, student-oriented teaching and regulating learning-teaching environments according to the student are essential. Based on this viewpoint, the purpose of this research is to evaluate the student-related factors in terms of Cyprus history. The aim is to determine the attitudes of students towards Cyprus history (in the case of local-oral history) and to explore the student-related problems from the perspective of teachers in particular. In the study, the attitude levels of students are determined and the problems experienced in Cyprus history are described; furthermore, this is followed by a discussion on postmodern education and local-oral history education. Postmodern education in the case of Cyprus history is evaluated. In this context, the problem sentence of the research is as follows: “What are the student and teacher opinions in regard to local and oral Cyprus history education on the basis of postmodern education?” The model of this study is a mixed research method, which is based on both quantitative and qualitative data. Stratified random sampling was used in this study and a total of 800 secondary and high school students from five different districts of Cyprus were reached.