Applying the Delphi method with early-career researchers to explore a gender-issues agenda in STEM education
Paul Hernandez-Martinez 1 , Angeles Dominguez 2 3 * , Genaro Zavala 2 3 , Maria Kambouri 4 , Judith Zubieta 5 , Robin Clark 6
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1 Department of Mathematics, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, AUSTRALIA2 Institute for the Future of Education, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, MEXICO3 School of Engineering, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, CHILE4 Institute of Education, University of Reading, Reading, UK5 Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, MEXICO6 International Manufacturing Centre, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK* Corresponding Author


The Delphi method (DM) was initially conceived as a forecasting technique whose results are based on the consensus of a panel of experts. It has been used in many fields, assisting researchers, policymakers, and others in setting directions and future agendas. This study presents an application of the DM, with a broader interpretation of the notion of “expert” as a qualitative tool to explore gender issues in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. Its aim is to analyze the use of the DM as a technique to achieve agreement among a group of early-career researchers from the UK and Mexico, who are not considered “experts” in the traditional sense. The other aim was to explore the advantages and disadvantages of using the DM in this context. We used three stages to collect information and reach a consensus. The first two were online activities, and the last consisted of a five-day face-to-face workshop. In the first stage, participants sent research questions, and organizers categorized them into themes. Participants responded to a survey ranking all research questions in the second stage. In the last, organizers analyzed the highest scored questions and arranged them into research topics in which participants worked on research proposals. The DM worked successfully with this group of participants by combining their interest in the field and engagement with the activities. The research strands and proposals of using this method are usable. The method used in this paper can serve as a model to develop research graduate courses to develop students’ skills.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 11, Article No: em2177

Publication date: 06 Oct 2022

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