Comparing science curricula in Myanmar and Japan: Objectives and content covered in lower secondary textbooks
Wai Wai Kyi 1 * , Tetsuo Isozaki 1
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1 Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, JAPAN* Corresponding Author


An analysis of textbooks can lead to a comparison of the curricula in two nations and how curriculum standards determine the textbook content in a developed and developing country. Deductive content analysis was employed to analyze and compare objectives mandated in science curricula in Myanmar and Japan, and the articulation of science textbooks’ content on science curricula’s objectives including approaches to learning and learning of content taught at grade-6 in Myanmar and grade-7 in Japan. The results show that both countries’ curriculum objectives are clearly mandated to cultivate students’ scientific knowledge, skills, and attitudes. The exchanges of knowledge between the two contexts are the analyzed Japanese science textbook’s employment of a step-by-step and detailed scientific inquiry-based approach for the students to learn light and sound concept, and Myanmar’s science textbook’s description of some technical scientific terms in both mother tongue (Burmese) and English.


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Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2023, Article No: em2294

Publication date: 01 Jul 2023

Online publication date: 25 May 2023

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