“Doing Science” in Elementary School: Using Digital Technology to Foster the Development of Elementary Students’ Understandings of Scientific Inquiry
Jennifer Schellinger 1 * , Anne Mendenhall 2, Nicole D. Alemanne 3, Sherry A. Southerland 4, Victor Sampson 5, Ian Douglas 6, Michelle M. Kazmer 7, Paul F. Marty 7
More Detail
1 Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States.
2 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
3 Department of Library and Information Studies, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, Georgia, United States
4 School of Teacher Education, Florida State University, Florida, United States
5 College of Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States
6 Institute for the Science of Teaching and Learning, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States
7 School of Information, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, United States
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

National efforts have described the need for students to develop scientific proficiency and have identified informal learning environments, interactive technologies, and an understanding of inquiry as ways to support this development. The Habitat Tracker project was developed in response to this need by developing a digitally-supported, inquiry-oriented curriculum focused on engaging elementary students in science practices in formal and informal settings. This study employed a mixed methods approach to explore how engagement in the project affected 125 fourth and fifth grade elementary students’ views of scientific inquiry and if certain aspects of scientific inquiry were shaped by student participation. The Views of Scientific Inquiry – Elementary School Version (VOSI-E), was administered before and after students had engaged with a three week Habitat Tracker curriculum and assessed aspects including the role of questions, diversity of methods, experiments and investigations, developing scientific explanations, supporting scientific explanations, predictions and hypotheses, role of subjectivity, role of creativity, and goal of science. VOSI-E responses were analyzed using a mixed methods approach. Chi-squared test results suggest that classroom learning coupled with visits to a wildlife center can help improve student understanding of scientific inquiry when integrated with technology-enhanced, field-based inquiries that emphasize the practices of science.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2017.00955a

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2017 - Volume 13 Issue 8, pp. 4635-4649

Publication date: 28 Jul 2017

Article Views: 1570

Article Downloads: 516

Open Access References How to cite this article