The purpose of this study was to investigate how the 5E learning model affects learning about the Solar System when an analogical model is utilized in teaching. The data were gathered in an urban middle school 7th grade science course while teaching relevant astronomy topics. The analogical model developed by the researchers was administered to 20 seventh grade students in a city of the Black Sea Region in Turkey. “The Solar System and Beyond: The space puzzle” unit was taught by using 5E learning model accompanied by analogical model during two class hours. In this case study, pre-experimental design with pre-test-post-test was used to collect data through questionnaire, reflective thinking scale, video recording, and informal observations.
According to the findings of this study, the teaching intervention not only significantly increased the students’ academic achievement but also improved their science process skills. The study suggests that analogies should be well-planned and deployed for teaching science courses. Furthermore, the number of the analogical models in textbooks should be increased to enrich meaningful learning for students’ transition levels between concrete and abstract operational terms.