Examining the Factors That Influence Students’ Science Learning Processes and Their Learning Outcomes: 30 Years of Conceptual Change Research
Jing-Wen Lin 1, Miao-Hsuan Yen 2, Jiachi Liang 3, Mei-Hung Chiu 4 * , Chorng-Jee Guo 5
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1 Department of Curriculum Design and Human Potentials Development, National Dong-Hwa University
2 Gradeuate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
3 College of General Studies, Yuan Ze University
4 Graduate Institute of Science Education, National Taiwan Normal University
5 Gradeuate Institute of Science Education, National Changhua University of Education
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background:
This study used content analysis to examine the most studied conceptual change factors that influence students’ science learning processes and their learning outcomes. The reviewed research included empirical studies published since Posner et al. proposed their conceptual change model 30 years ago (from 1982 to 2011).

Material and methods:
One hundred sixteen SSCI journal and full text articles were sampled from the Education Resources Information Center database. “Conceptual change” in the title of the articles was used for screening the articles.

Results:
The results showed that learning outcomes chiefly examined students’ conceptual change and their science achievement. The most studied factors influencing conceptual change were associated with instruction and personal reasoning ability. As for instruction, multiple instructional methods were usually integrated in the research, and “conceptual conflict” and “cooperative learning” were found to be gaining the most attention. In addition, certain instructional methods were more frequently linked to specific science subjects. In addition, fewer studies in the ERIC database have been reported in relation to theories on conceptual change in science education.

Conclusions:
Educators require knowledge of conceptual change theories and strategies. Such information should be more readily available in order to develop teachers’ pedagogical content knowledge and help them put it effectively into practice.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.000600a

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2016 - Volume 12 Issue 9, pp. 2617-2646

Publication date: 14 Jul 2016

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Article Downloads: 1937

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