Reexamining the Measurement of Pro-Environmental Attitudes and Behaviors to Promote Sustainable Development: A Systematic Review
Josephat Paul Nkaizirwa 1 2 * , Florien Nsanganwimana 1 , Catherine Musalagani Aurah 3
More Detail
1 African Centre of Excellence for Innovative Teaching and Learning Mathematics and Science (ACEITLMS), College of Education, University of Rwanda, RWANDA2 Department of Educational Psychology and Curriculum Studies, College of Education, University of Dodoma, TANZANIA3 Department of Science and Mathematics Education, School of Education, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, KENYA* Corresponding Author


An increasing trend of environmental problems is largely associated with human interaction with nature. While individual attitudes and behavior play a pivotal role in attaining sustainable ecological actions, this article questions whether there is adequate coverage of the current environmental issues in the existing scales measuring environmental attitudes and behaviors. To achieve the United Nations sustainable development goals (SDGs), sustainable efforts need to be invested to shape human interaction with nature. Nonetheless, the question of whether an effective change in attitudinal and behavioral constructs can translate into objective ecological actions requires sound measurements. Based on an analysis of 54 scales, the present article reveals that some critical environmental issues such as climate change and inclusiveness of science and technology have largely been neglected. It further brings out a conclusion that proposes a transitional approach for environmental psychologists to rethink the measurement approaches that broadly enhances sustainable development in global terms.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 9, Article No: em2001

Publication date: 14 Aug 2021

Article Views: 2657

Article Downloads: 2747

Open Access Disclosures References How to cite this article