Technological pedagogical content knowledge of primary school science teachers during the COVID-19 in Thailand and Finland
Pavinee Sothayapetch 1 * , Jari Lavonen 2 3
More Detail
1 Elementary Education Division, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, THAILAND2 Department of Education, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FINLAND3 Centre for Education Practice Research, Faculty of Education, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, SOUTH AFRICA* Corresponding Author


Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) is important for teaching science during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper investigates the TPACK of Finnish and Thai primary school teachers in the context of teaching science through blended learning (BL) during the COVID-19. 11 teachers from Finland and Thailand were interviewed. The interview data were examined using deductive content analysis. The analysis revealed that all teachers used educational technology in their online classes in terms of providing the lesson content, learning activities, and the students’ learning assessment. Zoom and MS Teams were the tools used for online teaching in both countries. The main teaching method used in both types of instruction was experimentation. For online instruction, most teachers considered educational technology in every step of the teaching process to enhance students’ learning of science as much as possible. Many types of direct and technology-mediated interaction appeared during BL, especially during online teaching, which could be designed and analyzed in the context of the TPACK model.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, Volume 18, Issue 7, July 2022, Article No: em2124

Publication date: 26 May 2022

Article Views: 3076

Article Downloads: 1712

Open Access Disclosures References How to cite this article