Research is a universally acknowledged tool in and for education. This study investigates the enablers and outcomes of research productivity of high school mathematics teachers. Using partial least square structural equation modelling, data from 211 tenth-grade mathematics teachers of five public schools divisions in the northeastern part of Philippines was evaluated. Findings showed that the research participation and productivity respondents was generally low but the teacher-researchers’ growth potential is immense. The individual-institutional-leadership model strongly and positively influenced research productivity. Leadership in research in the school level is a critical area towards research productivity. The findings have policy implications in terms on how to encourage mathematics teachers to participate in research-related activities that will contribute to a research-informed teaching and learning. It is highly recommended to develop interventions to improve involvement, extrinsic motivation, mentoring, networking, resources, and leadership domains.