Validation of the Mathematical Modeling Attitude Scale for Malaysian Mathematics Teachers
Riyan Hidayat 1 * , Wan Izani Wan Idris 2, Hilman Qudratuddarsi 3, Muhamad Nazri Abdul Rahman 4
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1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900, Perak, MALAYSIA2 Bahagian Pengurusan Sekolah Harian, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, MALAYSIA3 Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Faculty Education, Universiti Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA4 Department of Planning, Research and Innovation, Institute of Teachers Education, MALAYSIA* Corresponding Author


This work sets out to examine the validity and reliability of the Mathematical Modeling Attitude Scale (MMAS), a instrument measuring teachers’ attitude towards mathematical modeling. A cross-sectional survey research was utilised to describe the validity and reliability of the MMAS. The population of the present study focused on Malaysian mathematics teacher in primary and secondary schools (N = 171) and this was achieved using convenience sampling. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were utilised in analysing the data in the present work. EFA revealed that the data from the teachers had a four-factor structure: constructivism, relevance and real-life, understanding and motivation and interest. The CFA confirmed that the model fit indices established the four-factor structure of the first- and second-order model. Although the Rasch analysis generally supported the finding of EFA and CFA, there was still room for improvement in terms of the rating scale and DIF criterion.


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Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 12, Article No: em2047

Publication date: 26 Nov 2021

Article Views: 912

Article Downloads: 784

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