A Study of Number Sense Performance among Low-SES Students, New Immigrant Children, and Typical Learners in Grades Four Through Six
Pei-Chieh Chen 1, Mao-Neng Li 2, Der-Ching Yang 2 *
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1 Dongshih Elementary School of Dongshih Township, TAIWAN2 National Chiayi University, TAIWAN* Corresponding Author


To examine the relative performance in number sense among low-SES students, new immigrant students, and typical learners in grades 4 through 6, data were collected through a number sense web-based, two-tier test. A total of 628 fourth graders, 535 fifth graders, and 524 sixth graders in Taiwan participated in this study. Results showed that there were statistically significant differences in number sense performance among new immigrant children, low-SES students, and typical learners in the fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. The subsequent post hoc comparisons indicated that there was a statistically significant difference between typical learners and new immigrant children in fourth and fifth grades. Moreover, there were statistically significant differences between typical learners and low-SES students in fifth and sixth grades. The Chi-squared test results also showed that there were significant differences in the uses of solution methods between the fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. Implications of this study and suggestions for the future studies are discussed.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2015, Volume 11, Issue 3, 455-468


Publication date: 27 Apr 2015

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