Exploring the Alignment of the Intended and Implemented Curriculum Through Teachers’ Interpretation: A Case Study of A-Level Biology Practical Work
Mukaro Joe Phaeton 1 * , Michèle Stears 1
More Detail
1 University of KwaZulu-Natal* Corresponding Author


The research reported on here is part of a larger study exploring the alignment of the intended, implemented and attained curriculum with regard to practical work in the Zimbabwean A-level Biology curriculum. In this paper we focus on the alignment between the intended and implemented A-Level Biology curriculum through the lens of teachers’ interpretation of the curriculum.

Material and methods:
This interpretive study sought to understand how teachers interpret a particular curriculum design. Participants were five teachers drawn from four High schools in Zimbabwe.

The findings show a misalignment between the intended and implemented curriculum caused by teachers’ misinterpretation of the intended curriculum. Teachers lacked knowledge of Science Process Skills and could not interpret them from the curriculum documents. They interpreted the curriculum through the examinations and were reluctant to engage with the curriculum in order to understand the objectives for practical work.

The poor design of the curriculum contributed to this reluctance. This misalignment has implications for curriculum design and implementation.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2017, Volume 13, Issue 3, 723-740


Publication date: 08 Dec 2016

Article Views: 5853

Article Downloads: 16358

Open Access References How to cite this article