Exploring the Effectiveness of STEAM Integrated Approach via Scratch on Computational Thinking
Wee-Ling Tan 1, Mohd Ali Samsudin 1 * , Mohd Erfy Ismail 2, Nur Jahan Ahmad 1, Corrienna Abdul Talib 3
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1 Universiti Sains Malaysia, MALAYSIA2 Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, MALAYSIA3 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, MALAYSIA* Corresponding Author


This study examined the effectiveness of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, Mathematics) integrated approach via Scratch on five subconstructs of computational thinking (CT) among 29 male and 30 female students. A quasi-experimental design was employed in the research. The participants demonstrated the application of CT in designing games via Scratch during the intervention. The Computational Thinking Survey (CTS) was administered pre-CT and post- CT tests in measuring the five subconstructs of CT. Repeated multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) results showed that the intervention positively affected male and female students’ comprehension concerning the five subconstructs of CT. The results were strengthened by the repeated measure of analysis of variance (ANOVA) with posthoc comparisons, indicating all five subconstructs of CT increased significantly (p < .05). Indirectly, this research introduced a new teaching methodology for students’ CT level in the current electronic and technology-advanced era and increased concept manipulation capacity among male and female students.


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Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, Volume 17, Issue 12, December 2021, Article No: em2049


Publication date: 02 Dec 2021

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