Objective: China’s relevant departments carried out investigation on physique and health conditions of all students in 2010. Result indicated that physical health conditions of China’s University students were so bad that should attract people’s attention as the students had important social roles. Research methods: in this paper, Anhui Agricultural University students’ physique test data in 2016 was used as research evidence; literature consultation, questionnaire survey, logistic analysis, mathematical statistics etc. were applied to analyze the University students’ physical health conditions and problems in students of Anhui Agricultural University. Research results: Physical health conditions of Anhui Agricultural University students were generally qualified, however the levels were lower, excellent rates were not high, and the development was imbalanced. We should improve school’s physical education courses, increase class hour and set up health care course and physical education theoretic course to improve students’ sports and cultural accomplishments; we should make a scientific and reasonable assessment on physical education and focus on students’ individual development; we should improve organization and management of school’s physical exercises and cultivate student’s interest in physical exercises; we should constantly perfect sports sit facility’s construction, utilize current sports sites facilities in a scientific and reasonable way and strengthen multi-function development of stadiums’ facilities.