PISA and TIMSS Science Score, Which Clock is More Accurate to Indicate National Science and Technology Competitiveness?
Wei-Zhao Shi 1 * , Xiqin He 1, Yan Wang 1, Zeng-Guang Fan 1, Liangdong Guo 1
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1 University of Science and Technology Liaoning, CHINA* Corresponding Author


In the same year 2015, PISA (The Programme for International Student Assessment) and TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) are coming up to us together.PISA and TIMSS, which clock is more accurate to indicate national S&T (science & technology) competitiveness?

Material and methods:
Number of S & T journal articles (per million people) is used as a measure to represent the national S&T competitiveness. Average IQ of the population, research and development (R&D) expenditure (% of GDP) and number of R&D researchers and technicians which affect the national competitiveness in S&T were also investigated.

the study shows that PISA science scores would more significantly predict competence in S & T than TIMSS. Moreover, the study also shows a strong link between competence in S & T and IQ, R&D expenditure (% of GDP) or number of R&D researchers and technicians.

The findings from this paper indicate that higher quality of human capital and more R&D inputs are the two magic weapons to national competence in S&T, especially higher quality of human capital.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2016, Volume 12, Issue 4, 965-974


Publication date: 03 Mar 2016

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