Spatial visualization skills present in items of the Brazilian high school national exam
Carmen Vieira Mathias 1 * , Cristian Martins da Silva 2 , Fábio Luiz Borges Simas 3
More Detail
1 Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, BRAZIL2 Universidade Franciscana, Santa Maria, BRAZIL3 Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL* Corresponding Author


This article aims to analyze, categorize, and quantify the Brazilian high school national exam (ENEM) questions that require spatial visualization skills (SVS) for their resolution. This is a documentary research with a qualitative-quantitative approach whose corpus of analysis is ENEM exams carried out from 2009 to 2022, in the subject of mathematics and its technologies. There are four main results of this research: (1) spatial geometry (SG) questions that require SVS for their resolution (39.7%) are proportionally more frequent in ENEM than in four most used textbooks in Brazil (<20.0%), (2) some categories of SVS are much more frequent than others in ENEM questions, (3) the proportion of geometry questions in ENEM mathematics exam (23.0%) is considerably higher than the corresponding proportion of geometry-related skills in ENEM skills framework (13.0%), and (4) approximately half of ENEM geometry questions address SG.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2024, Article No: em2415

Publication date: 03 Mar 2024

Article Views: 382

Article Downloads: 754

Open Access References How to cite this article