ICT has a very short history in Slovakia. A majority of Slovak schools accessed computers
and internet only after 2000. Different financial support and schools’ participation in
various projects resulted in non-random distribution of computers across Slovakian
elementary schools. We examined whether 1) attitudes toward computers could be
affected by the accessibility of computers at schools and 2) how the use of computers
between school and home environment differ. Attitudes toward ICT were positive and
gender differences were weak. Although we found school had an effect on the behavioural
dimension of attitudes, it was not caused by the accessibility of computers per se.
However, large numbers of students per computer (up to N = 68) greatly reduced
student’s use of computers at schools. Lack of internet connection at home caused greater
supplementation of internet-related activities in schools relative to home. Gender and agerelated
differences in ICT participation were greatly influenced when comparing the home
and school environment.