The development and validation of environmental literacy instrument based on spirituality for prospective science teachers
H. Husamah 1 2 , Hadi Suwono 1 * , Hadi Nur 3 4 , Agus Dharmawan 1
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1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Malang, INDONESIA2 Department of Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, INDONESIA3 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Malang, INDONESIA4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, MALAYSIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

The spiritual (S) aspect needs to be integrated with the environmental literacy instrument (ELI) so that it becomes ELIS. This study was designed to develop and validate an instrument for prospective science teacher in the form of environmental literacy instrument based on literacy (ELIS). The instrument was developed based on previous research findings and focus group discussions involving eleven experts. The factors and internal consistency were examined by involving 634 students/prospective science teachers from various universities in Indonesia. Validity and reliability were tested using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. This study proposes a 26-item ELIS with acceptable internal validity and consistency. It is composed of four dimensions: ecological knowledge (five items), environmental hope (seven items), cognitive skills (eight items), and behavior (six items). The ELIS is recommended as a measure of the development of environmental literacy based on spirituality for prospective science teachers.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 12, Article No: em2206

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/12732

Publication date: 21 Dec 2022

Article Views: 1442

Article Downloads: 1311

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