Construction and validation of the physical science learning motivation scale among Moroccan middle school students
Mouhcine El Qryefy 1 * , Youssef El Madhi 2 3 , Mohamed El Qryefy 4 , Bouazza El Wahbi 5 , Youssef Oulaydi 1 , Zineb Boumaaize 1 , Hajar Darif 3 6 , Abdelmajid Soulaymani 3 , Hanan El Faylali 1
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1 Laboratory of Electronic Systems, Information Processing, Mechanics and Energetics, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, MOROCCO2 Laboratory of Education, Environment & Health, CRMEF Rabat/Salé/Kenitra, MOROCCO3 Laboratory of Biology and Health, Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, MOROCCO4 Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, MOROCCO5 Laboratory of Analysis, Geometry and Applications, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, MOROCCO6 Scientific Institute, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, MOROCCO* Corresponding Author


This paper presents two studies concerning developing and validating an Arabic version of a scale that measures motivation toward learning physical science in Moroccan middle school students. The scale is based on the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). It comprises five dimensions: intrinsic motivation, three forms of extrinsic motivation (identified regulation, introjected regulation, and external regulation), and amotivation. The exploratory factor analysis (study 1) was conducted on a sample of 144 students, and the confirmatory factor analysis (study 2) was performed on another sample of 404 students. The results of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses support a five-factor structure. The results also reveal that the scale and five factors have satisfactory internal consistency indices. Moreover, the construct validity is supported by correlations between the five factors that comprise the scale. All the results thus support the psychometric qualities of the physical science learning motivation scale.


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Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2024, Volume 20, Issue 5, Article No: em2439

Publication date: 01 May 2024

Online publication date: 08 Apr 2024

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