Outcomes of a Drug Dosage Calculation Training Smartphone App on Learning Achievement, Metacognition, and Flow State According to Prior Knowledge
Kyung Yeon Park 1, Myoung Soo Kim 2 *
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1 Department of Nursing, Silla University, Busan, SOUTH KOREA2 Department of Nursing, Pukyong National University, Busan, SOUTH KOREA* Corresponding Author


The purpose of this study was to define the effectiveness of a smartphone-based dosage calculation training app on nursing students’ learning achievement, metacognition, and flow based on prior knowledge. The study used a quasi-experimental design with a pre- and post-test. Participants were 157 nursing students from 3 universities with baccalaureate programs in South Korea. After recruiting the experimental and control groups, they were also categorized by prior knowledge of drug dosage calculation ability into above and below-mean clusters. The experimental groups were provided with the smartphone-based app. In the above-mean cluster, changes in total learning achievement (Z=3.16, p=.002), drop rate calculation (Z=2.76, p=.006), metacognition (Z=2.50, p=.012), and flow score (Z=2.42, p=.016) in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group. A smartphone-based calculation training app improves calculation achievement, metacognition, and flow among students with higher prior knowledge. For learners with lower prior knowledge, additional instructional design or implementation strategies may be needed.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2018, Volume 14, Issue 7, 2867-2876


Publication date: 11 May 2018

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