Problem-based learning with metacognitive prompts for enhancing argumentation and critical thinking of secondary school students
Angsoka Dwipayana Marthaliakirana 1 , Hadi Suwono 1 * , Muhammad Saefi 2 , Abdul Gofur 1
More Detail
1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Malang, INDONESIA2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, INDONESIA* Corresponding Author


Science education in the 21st century emphasizes the development of argumentation and critical thinking (CT) skills for socioscientific issues (SSIs), which students can also apply to any subject, such as biology. This study aimed to determine the effect of problem-based learning with metacognitive prompts (M-PBL) on students’ argumentation and CT. This study employed a quasi-experimental design using a pre- and post-test non-equivalent control group. A total of 121 11th-grade students majoring in science and biology participated in this study. Participants were divided into three groups and were tested under different PBL: (1) M-PBL, 23 males and 22 females; (2) H-PBL (high-intensity problem-based learning), 15 males and 20 females; and (3) L-PBL (low-intensity problem-based learning), 26 males and 15 females. Argumentation and CT skills in M-PBL were compared with H-PBL and L-PBL. Results show that students engaging in M-PBL biology learning had higher levels of argumentation and CT skills. Students’ argumentation and CT skills were significantly improved through M-PBL, and thus should be considered by teachers when restructuring lessons in a problem-solving class setting.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2022, Volume 18, Issue 9, Article No: em2148

Publication date: 02 Aug 2022

Article Views: 2293

Article Downloads: 1451

Open Access References How to cite this article