The Effects of Nine-Week Summer Vacation: Losses in Mathematics and Gains in Reading
Manuela Paechter 1, Silke Luttenberger 1 * , Daniel Macher 1, Florian Berding 2, Ilona Papousek 1, Elisabeth M. Weiss 1, Andreas Fink 1
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1 Department of Psychology, Karl-Franzens-University, Graz, Austria
2 Department of Business Administration, Economics, and Law, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background:
Summer vacations interrupt the rhythm of learning and may result in a loss of knowledge and skills.

Materials and methods:
This study investigates summer learning losses in an Austrian sample with nine-week summer vacations. The results show losses as well as gains for students in lower secondary education (182 students between 10 and 12 years old).

Results:
Students experienced losses in arith-metic problem solving (measured by the HAWIK IV intelligence test) and spelling (measured by the Salzburg Reading-Screening, SLS-8), but gains in reading (measured by the standard-ized spelling test HSP 5-9).

Conclusions:
Losses or gains in a knowledge domain appear to depend on the degree of practice during the summer vacation. Contrary to American studies, students could make up for their losses within nine weeks following the re-start of school. In addition, socio-economic variables such as the mother's educational background had a small impact on sum-mer learning losses in arithmetic problem solving.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2015.1397a

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2015 - Volume 11 Issue 6, pp. 1399-1413

Publication date: 29 Sep 2015

Article Views: 1083

Article Downloads: 496

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