This study evaluates the factors forming Modern Art by examining the Barbizon school’s approach in art education, in comparison to the academic understanding of art. The invention of photography steered the visual art schools towards a new conceptualization of nature. The awareness that Impressionist and Post-impressionist movements achieved in the depiction of nature came to define modern art. Modern art finds character with the learning outcomes of new art education and approaches that brake away from the traditional Renaissance depiction of nature. Cubist movement which forms a foundation for Modern art transformed the images of nature through a conceptual perception that experiences visual reality as a mental stage. The impact of Cubist geometric and multi-perspective portrayal of nature will be examined in Modern Art painting samples. The artistic performance of Jackson Pollock will be associated with the development of Modern Art to provide a fresh perspective on art-nature relationship.