The Teaching and Learning of Diffusion and Osmosis: What Can We Learn from Analysis of Classroom Practices? A Case Study
Abdelkrim Hasni 1 * , Patrick Roy 2, Nancy Dumais 1
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1 Université de Sherbrooke, CANADA
2 Haute école pédagogique de Fribourg, SWITZERLAND
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background:
The objective of this study is to describe the way in which two important biological phenomena, namely diffusion and osmosis, are addressed in the classroom. The study builds on extensive research conducted over the past twenty years showing that students’ appropriation of these two phenomena remains partial and incomplete.

Material and methods:
Using a case study (a course made up of eight periods), we collected data in three stages: interviews with the teacher regarding his planning; a video recording of the entire course; and feedback interviews with the teacher subsequent to the course.

Results:
The study’s results show that the difficulties encountered by the students cannot be attributed solely to their personal characteristics (state of development of the scientific mindset, prior learning, etc.). Instead, they appear to be largely associated with teaching practices and the potential these practices hold in terms of allowing students to appropriate these concepts.

Conclusions:
The results presented in this article are significant in their contribution to improving teaching methods for diffusion and osmosis, and thus to facilitating their understanding by students.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.1242a

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 2016 - Volume 12 Issue 6, pp. 1507-1531

Publication date: 02 Apr 2016

Article Views: 5671

Article Downloads: 2435

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