Finnish Ninth Graders’ Gender Appropriateness of Occupations
Kirsi Ikonen 1 * , Risto Leinonen 1, Pekka E. Hirvonen 1, Mervi A. Asikainen 1 2
More Detail
1 University of Eastern Finland, FINLAND2 Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, NORWAY* Corresponding Author


In this study, Finnish ninth graders’ and their school guidance counselors’ views concerning ninth graders’ perceptions of gender-appropriateness of occupations were examined. Special interest was placed on evaluating if ninth graders bring out any gender stereotypical perceptions regarding science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) occupations. The data were gathered with the aid of an online survey (246 pupils) and semi-structured interviews (7 school guidance counselors). Ninth graders referred mostly to masculine physical dimension when justifying certain occupations being more suitable for men than for women. Respectively, they referred mostly to gender-typical interest when justifying certain occupations to be more suitable for women than for men. Boys presented more gender stereotypical perceptions of occupations than girls did. Boys also considered their own gender affecting their occupational preferences stronger than girls did. Guidance counselors reported ninth graders’ perceptions of occupations being still very gender-stereotypic and influencing on academic and occupational choices. To address occupational gender segregation, it is necessary to develop novel methods and materials recognizing gender stereotypes and demonstrating up-to-date STEM career knowledge.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, Volume 15, Issue 12, December 2019, Article No: em1811

Publication date: 02 Oct 2019

Article Views: 2806

Article Downloads: 1354

Open Access References How to cite this article